If you’re like us who love gardenias and want to know more about this plant, we’ll save this article for you!
For starters, gardenias are famous flowering shrubs under the coffee family. These plants are native to Africa and Asia and are valued for their fragrant, white or yellow flowers.
What most people ignore is that gardenias need plant food. Like humans, gardenias need food to survive, but these shrubs need it more to produce abundant, healthy flowers.
Stick with us because this article will provide information on the best plant food for gardenias. Additionally, we’ll give some tips on applying plant food to your gardenias and share other factors that can affect the health and growth of your plants.
What are the needs of gardenias?
Like other plants, gardenias need typical requirements such as soil, water, and a few more nutrients. But we’ll dig deeper into these requirements so you can understand what it’s like to care for gardenias.
Soil pH requirements
Regarding soil Ph, gardenias thrive in slightly acidic soil (pH of 5.0 to 6.0). This is essential in maintaining the proper balance of nutrients in the soil, allowing gardenias to absorb the essential nutrients they need to grow and produce flowers.
If the soil pH is not right, the plant may struggle to absorb the necessary nutrients, resulting in stunted growth and a lack of flowers.
Essential nutrients for gardenias
Gardenias need a range of essential nutrients to grow and produce flowers. These include
- Nitrogen (N)
- Phosphorus (P)
- Potassium (K)
- Magnesium (Mg)
- Iron (Fe)
Common nutrient deficiencies in gardenias
Gardenias may also suffer from different nutrient deficiencies, such as:
- Nitrogen DeficiencyPhosphorus Deficiency
- Potassium Deficiency
- Magnesium Deficiency
- Iron Deficiency
Any of these deficiencies can result in the yellowing of leaves, stunted growth, and reduced resistance to disease, and reduced flower production.
What are the characteristics of the best plant food for gardenias?
1. Acidic Fertilizer
We said earlier that gardenias prefer slightly acidic soil, right? That’s why it’s also important to pick a fertilizer formulated for acid-loving plants like gardenias. But what do these fertilizers contain?
Acidic fertilizers contain sulfur, which helps lower the soil’s pH, making it more acidic. Some of these inorganic and organic acidic fertilizers include the following.
- Ammonium nitrate
- Ammonium sulfate
- Elemental sulfur
- Iron sulfate
- Aluminium sulfur
- Peat moss
2. Slow-Release Fertilizer
The best plant food for gardenias is those slow-release fertilizers. It’s an excellent choice for them because they provide a consistent supply of nutrients. This helps avoid over-fertilizing, which can damage the roots and harm the plant. Likewise, these fertilizers are also more convenient, as they don’t need to be applied as often as other types of fertilizers.
Some slow-release fertilizers include
- Methylene urea
3. High in Magnesium
Another best plant food for gardenias is those rich in magnesium can help gardenias produce healthy foliage and flower production. Some plant food high in magnesium are:
- Sulfate of Potash Magnesia
- Dolomitic Lime
- Magnesium Chloride
- Magnesium Nitrate
4. High in Iron
Iron is an important nutrient for gardenias, and you should choose a high-iron fertilizer. This helps to prevent iron deficiencies, which can cause yellow eaves and delayed growth. You can feed gardenias with high in iron fertilizers like
- Blood meal
- Iron chelates
- Iron sulfates
- Green sand
5. Balanced N-P-K Ratio
The N-P-K ratio refers to the relative amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in the fertilizer. A balanced N-P-K ratio, such as 10-10-10 or 15-15-15, ensures that the plant receives an appropriate amount of these essential nutrients. This helps to ensure that the gardenia has a consistent nutrient supply which it needs to grow and produce flowers.
However, you also need to determine whether your soil has an excess of one NPK. Adding more can harm your plants.
Brands and Product Recommendations
Some of the best plant foods for gardenias include:
- Espoma Garden-ton
- Miracle-Gro Azalea, Camellia, Rhododendron Plant Food
- Fertilome Azalea, Camellia & Gardenia Fertilizer
How to properly apply plant food?
Here are a couple of steps on how to apply and use the best plant food for gardenias.
- Determine the recommended application rate based on the size of your gardenia plant and the fertilizer you use.
- Apply the fertilizer around the plant’s base, avoiding contact with the foliage and stems.
- Water the plant thoroughly after putting the fertilizer to help the nutrients reach the roots.
- Follow the recommended application frequency listed on the fertilizer package, usually every 4-6 weeks.
Note: Avoid over-fertilizing, as this can damage the roots and harm the plant. If you are using a slow-release fertilizer, be sure to follow the recommended application rate and frequency, as over-fertilizing can still occur with slow-release products.
Make the most out of your gardenias!
Gardenias are indeed gorgeous and fragrant plants that require specific care to thrive. Remember that the best plant food for gardenias is an acidic fertilizer specialized for acid-loving plants, is slow-release, high in magnesium and iron, and has a balanced N-P-K ratio.
You’ll encounter lots of plant food brands out there, but we recommend trying Espoma Garden-tone, Miracle-Gro Azalea, Camellia, Rhododendron Plant Food, and Fertilome Azalea, Camellia & Gardenia Fertilizer.
In addition to using the right plant food, you can do a few other things to maintain healthy gardenias.
- Provide the right soil conditions with a pH of 5.0 to 6.0. Likewise, ensure that your gardenia is planted in well-draining soil and mulch around the base of the plant to help retain moisture.
- Water correctly and ensure not to overwater them, which can lead to root rot. Maintain the moisture of the soil but not soggy.
- Protect from pests and diseases such as scale insects and mites, as well as powdery mildew. Regularly inspect your gardenia for signs of pests and diseases, and treat them promptly if necessary.
- Provide proper sunlight, such as bright, indirect light. Although they can also tolerate some morning sun, avoid exposing them to intense afternoon sun, which can damage the foliage.
Growing healthy and beautiful gardenias requires patience and care. If you succeed with your gardenias, we encourage you to share your experiences and results with others. Your insights and tips can help others achieve the same level of success with their own gardenias.